Intro and update to college admissions scandal
The pretend-to-be-an-athlete-in-a-sport-you-have-never-even-played scandal in higher education is one of many issues I have not focused on over the last year or more.
Family issues have pulled me away from blogging. Hope to start getting caught up on the massive changes taking place around us. I’ll begin with the college admissions disaster.
(Article cross-posted from my other blog, Nonprofit Update.
A large number of parents were paying Mr. William “Rick” Singer to help their children get into colleges where their kids wouldn’t otherwise gain admission.
The schemes, according to a long string of articles covered in most newspapers which I won’t link, included techniques such as:
- Creating fake profile of the student being a competitive athlete when the student had not even played the sport.
- Paying to have another person take your SAT or ACT tests.
- Hiring a proctor to oversee extra-testing time and then correcting answers.
Flow of cash was complicated, as expected. Most of the dollars went to a non-profit foundation set up by Mr. Singer. He then distributed portions of the money to college sports coaches, proctors, and other participants. Some of the payments went directly from the parents to the colleges.
Oh, by making those payments to a charity, the payments became tax deductible. So there is also a tax fraud angle for all the involved parents to ponder. You can easily guess someone from IRS Criminal Investigations is involved in each of the cases.
Another father was just charged.
The investigation isn’t done.
Lots of parents have lawyered up.
The scandal started with 50 people being charged, including 33 parents from 30 families. Tally now stands at 51 persons charged with 23 guilty pleas or agreements to plead guilty. I think that makes the running total 34 parents from 31 families.
Just a few articles for your consideration
Wall Street Journal – 6/28/19 – New Parent Is Charged in College-Admissions Scandal. Another father agreed to a plea of one felony count. He paid $250K to get his son admitted to USC. This scheme was to falsely present him as a volleyball athlete. A soccer coach at USC, who the article says has already pleaded guilty, helped create a fake profile showing the student to be a volleyball player. I will make a wild guess that is the coach in the LA Times article mentioned below.
This is the first person charged since the initial round of charges.
The box score now stands at 51 people formally charged with 23 of those agreeing to plead guilty or already having entered their guilty plea, according to the article.
Jason Bramwell at Going Concern on 6/27/19 –Accountant in College Admissions Scandal Will Find Out in October When He’ll Get Admission to Prison. (You gotta’ love the title of that article!)
The accountant at the charity handling the funds pleaded guilty on 6/27 to one felony count of conspiracy to commit racketeering. He signed an agreement to cooperate with the feds and agreed to enter a guilty plea back on 5/31, according to the article.
He receipted the payments received from parents. Also admitted to the judge he sent $21M to college coaches and administrators. I’ll guess that amount also includes payments to the test proctors. Other reports I’ve read indicate the parents paid around $25M. Eventually we may see more details on the cash flows, which my accountant brain would like to understand.
DoJ has recommended a sentence of five years.
I tend not to mention the names of individuals, especially before conviction. Since this person has entered a guilty plea and is mentioned in lots of online articles, I will mention his name because I’ll keep an eye on his prison status down the road. He is Steven Masera, age 69. I already mentioned Mr. Singer’s name.
Mr. Masera is not yet listed in the Bureau of Prison inmate locater database. There is a listing for a Mr. William Singer, but the person listed (inmate 35211-066) is currently age 86 and was released way back in 1986. Sixty seconds of on-line research (which I won’t link) indicates Mr. Singer was either 58 or 59 years old (take your pick of articles) back in the spring.
Los Angeles Times – 5/31/19 –Bookkeeper for mastermind of college admissions scandal will plead guilty. A few additional tidbits. Article explains the letters the accountant sent to parents allowed them to claim a tax deduction for the payments made.
Mr. Masera is the second person who was charged with racketeering to plead guilty. A coach from USC is the other. The other 10 drawing a racketeering charge have entered not guilty pleas. Article says that group includes coaches from USC, Wake Forest, Georgetown, and UCLA.
The investigation is not done. New York Times – 5/1/19 – L.A.’s Elite on Edge as Prosecutors Pursue More Parents in Admissions Scandal. Article says an unspecified number of parents have received target letters and a larger group of parents are concerned they will eventually be targets. Three students have received target letters, which hints there may be prosecutions of some students.
For an indirect indication of the potential size of the scandal, consider this article was based on interviews with seven criminal defense attorneys (one of whom has four clients) and over a dozen parents who are worried about potential charges. That is just the people this reporter could find and who were willing to talk to an NYT reporter. I would make a wild guess that group of over a dozen worried parents is a small portion of the parents who have potential exposure.
At the time of this article, 50 people had been charged and 20 have reached a plea deal or have already signed one.
For some deeper background: Wall Street Journal – 3/13/19 –The Tip, the Yale Coach and the Wire: How the College Admissions Scam Unraveled. At that point, there were 30 families involved with 33 parents charged initially.
Graph in article shows amount paid by each family.
Tally of students involved at each college:
- 17 USC
- 3 Georgetown
- 1 each, Stanford, UCLA, Yale, Wake Forest, Northeastern, San Diego
- 13 others or unknown
The case started when one guy was the subject of a securities fraud investigation by the feds. He flipped on the coach of the Yale women’s soccer team. He paid $1.2M for his child to get into Yale, with $400K of that amount going to the coach.